Protecting Civilians during Violent Conflict: Challenges faced by International Humanitarian Law

Posted on Posted in Law Review

By Zainab Mustafa

This article addresses the legal lacunas present in International Humanitarian Law’s (IHL) protection regime for civilians and the challenges in its implementation. Furthermore it aims to suggest ways to overcome them in order to strengthen compliance. The article is divided into three parts: Part I depicts the realities faced by civilians on the ground; Part II highlights the obligations of states and non-state actors under IHL, in addition to illustrating what is meant by ‘protection’ under the tenets of IHL; Part III identifies lacunas in the protection regime and challenges faced by IHL, along with proposing solutions on how to fill these gaps within the law and ensure implementation.

Download PDF